Acetaminophen (Tylenol and generic) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen (Advil and generic) or naproxen (Aleve and generic) are good first-choice drugs to treat lower-back pain. But NSAID prescription medication, such as diclofenac , could be considered if those aren't sufficient. Be wary of narcotic pain relievers—opioids such as hydrocodone (Vicodin and generic), oxycodone (Oxycontin and generic), oxycodone and aspirin (Percodan and generics), or oxycodone with acetaminophen (Percocet and generic) to treat your back pain. They are only moderately effective in treating long-term chronic pain , and their effectiveness can diminish over time. They have also not been studied sufficiently for long-term use.
As with any medication, there are possible side effects or risks involved. Common risks from steroid injections include pain at the injection site, bruising due to broken blood vessels, skin discolouration and aggravation of inflammation. Rarer risks include allergic reactions, infection, tendon rupture and serious injury to bones called necrosis. Long term side effects (depending on frequency and dose) include thinning of skin, easy bruising, weight gain, puffiness in the face, higher blood pressure, cataract formation, and osteoporosis (reduced bone density). Steroid injections may be given every 3-4 months but frequent injections may lead to tissue weakening at the injection site and is not recommended. Side effects do not happen in everyone and vary from person to person.
Another type of a spinal injection is used to treat and diagnose sacroiliac joint pain . So, once again under fluoroscopic guidance in order to ensure the safety as well as the precision, we go into the sacroiliac joint placing a small amount of contrast to outline where the medication is going to spread, then we use a small amount of anesthetic with corticosteroid. The anesthetic serves as the diagnostic portion - if the pain is eliminated, then we know that was the pain generator and we've effectively diagnosed sacroiliac joint pain. Then, corticosteroid reduces the inflammation that usually is the cause of the pain and that is the therapeutic portion of this.